HIV Treatment

According to the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), antiretroviral therapy is recommended for all persons with HIV to reduce morbidity and mortality and to prevent the transmission of HIV to others. ART should be initiated as soon as possible.1

Baseline evaluation: Every person with HIV entering into care should have a complete medical history, physical examination, and laboratory evaluation to aid in constructing care goals and plans.2

There are several guidelines available to assist in the care of those living with HIV.3-5

The AIDSVu Service finder and provide information about HIV care services in your area.

Adapted from Myers J, Braunstein SL, Xia Q, et al. Redefining prevention and care: a status-neutral approach to HIV. Open Forum Infect Dis. June 2; 5(6):ofy097; 2018. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofy097

ART=antiretroviral therapy; PrEP=Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis; TasP=Treatment as Prevention; PEP=Post-Exposure Prophylaxis.


  1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Guidelines for the use of antiretroviral agents in adults and adolescents living with HIV. Initiation of antiretroviral therapy. Updated December 18, 2019. Accessed October 13, 2021.
  2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Guidelines for the use of antiretroviral agents in adults and adolescents living with HIV. Baseline evaluation. Updated May 1, 2014. Accessed October 13, 2021.
  3. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Clinical guidelines. Accessed October 13, 2021.
  4. World Health Organization (WHO). Consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, testing, treatment, service delivery and monitoring:recommendations for a public health approach. Published July 16, 2021. Accessed October 13, 2021.
  5. Saag MS, Gandhi RT, Hoy JF, et al. Antiretroviral drugs for treatment and prevention of HIV infection in adults: 2020 recommendations of the International Antiviral Society-USA panel. JAMA. 2020;324(16):1651-1669.
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